CS 491 Lecture 13 – Persisting with Preferences

Agenda

  • what ?s
  • the need for persistence
  • the need for lightweight persistence
  • persisting in TicTacToe

TODO

Exercise

Apps are made to be interrupted. Let’s get our hands dirty by implementing a game of TicTacToe, preserving the game state on interruption, and restoring the game from the persisted state on resume. Write a quick and dirty TicTacToe game on the platform of your choice.

Layout is not our focus today, so please don’t spend time perfecting your user interface. I recommend slapping on 9 buttons in a 3×3 grid in a slipshod manner.

iOS Tips

  • It’s easy enough to make IBOutlet properties for each of your buttons with:
    @property (nonatomic, weak, readonly) IBOutlet UIButton *button0;

    However, discrete, named properties are difficult to loop through. If we could make an array of IBOutlets, that’d be swell. Apparently Xcode 5 makes this easy, but we’re using Xcode 4. Check out this post for a possible solution.

  • One way to know an app is pausing is by overriding viewWillDisappear.
  • Preferences are key-value pairs. Values can be of several types. Writing preferences is done the set methods:
    [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] setObject:self.state forKey:@"state"];
    [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] setInteger:self.current forKey:@"current"];

    Reading is done with getter methods.

Android Tips

  • There are various ways to make a grid of views. The most primitive and perhaps fastest is a vertical LinearLayout of three horizontal LinearLayouts.
  • Preferences come in two varieties: named and default. Default preferences are best suited for app-wide settings. You can get a reference to the app-wide preferences in this way:
    private SharedPreferences prefs;
    ... {
      prefs = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
    }

    where this refers to the Activity/context.  Named preferences let you group preferences together in smaller, more tailored bundles or make them readable by other apps.

  • Altering preferences requires a database-like transaction. Create an Editor, insert or overwrite your key-value pairs, and then commit your changes:
    Editor editor = prefs.edit();
    editor.putString("mykey", myvalue);
    editor.apply();

    A great place to commit is onPause, which is called before your app is removed from the foreground.

Haiku

Pity the just-names
Admire the just-values
Store the name-values

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